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世界各国碳排放量统计(1990年-2020年)

2022-07-27 数据来源:欧盟EDGAR 计量单位:百万吨
国家或地区占比2020年2019年2015年2010年2005年2000年1990年
全球总计100%35962.8737911.3736385.9534180.7330170.0325847.3222727.88
中国32.48%11680.4211503.8610722.419296.496338.563705.672425.65
美国12.61%4535.35036.055179.695571.875950.76004.325067.5
欧盟7.29%2621.852932.563090.963424.583700.073576.993818.27
印度6.71%2411.732563.662249.091752.351213.92990.09598.96
俄罗斯4.66%1674.231777.911733.371733.511734.851673.012395.27
日本2.95%1061.771139.491245.431221.471272.651241.461162.69
国际航运2.13%764.82773.71660.11662.89571.5498.43371.28
伊朗1.92%690.24685.92626.87575.31467.95352.77204.82
德国1.77%636.88702.2787.56818.07843.21878.371018.99
韩国1.73%621.47663643.24598.9516.46483.98271.08
沙特阿拉伯1.64%588.81593.33611.59487.93347.26265.15173.48
印度尼西亚1.58%568.27645.42514.05402.92361.72297.43164.58
加拿大1.51%542.79595.39595.4566.98579.5557.75453.6
巴西1.26%451.8476.98523.98447.99382.82362.97228.3
南非1.21%435.13467.9456.85460.44434.64346.6313.67
墨西哥1.13%407.7487.57491.48479.37448.86397.97291.04
土耳其1.13%405.2413.65366.25310.81244.61226.57150.38
澳大利亚1.07%386.44413.77397.48408.46386.37354.76278.2
国际航空0.94%337.12615.89530.38457.47420.26354.52258.31
越南0.90%321.93328.18219.43156.84100.4356.5220.53
英国0.87%313.73359.42419.49502.02562.1552587.94
意大利0.83%297.35332.86355.8426.99498.07457.93430.45
波兰0.81%292.56312.92306.05329.37317.79313.28372.61
法国0.78%279.99319.61329.52378.43407.89401.75385.48
中国台湾0.78%280.56283.84276.18277.53274.2230.98124.64
埃及0.75%269.55282.34240.84211.96177.62127.2191.05
哈萨克斯坦0.74%267.1273.61273.45243.65182.63131.42251.78
马来西亚0.73%262.17264.68253217.11183.09132.5257.51
泰国0.71%255.46269.12279.01247.02227.42173.5193.34
巴基斯坦0.60%217.02217.96174.17151.98132.46109.4165.35
西班牙0.60%214.85255.83273.71291.33371.53314.32232.07
阿联酋0.56%203.14212.83208.15172.03122.4788.5356.94
伊拉克0.53%191.3205.93167.98125.7489.1986.7169.33
乌克兰0.53%189.3196.8220.71309.19353.2357.27783.49
阿根廷0.49%176.51188.74210.72191.83165.9150.87108.15
阿尔及利亚0.45%163.47176.63161.48116.5398.6183.7368
荷兰0.40%144.69157.82170.73186.3181.89176.63161.4
菲律宾0.39%139.16150.1116.787.5181.8176.8944.06
尼日利亚0.35%126.92133.47107.8490.19100.55100.0274.77
孟加拉国0.30%108.5110.1684.9759.8139.9427.5614.41
卡塔尔0.28%99.49108.5796.1868.9743.6131.7917.01
捷克0.26%92.08105.11107.73120.48127.03130.39162.92
哥伦比亚0.25%90.2592.6285.4566.8260.9261.7152.53
科威特0.25%89.9798.3599.9486.275.2454.8632.62
乌兹别克斯坦0.25%90.3790.77101.99111114.79122.31123.13
委内瑞拉0.25%88.95108.78172.33189.33153.45132.92102.74
智利0.24%84.5690.5884.0572.0658.8853.4233.01
阿曼0.24%87.0587.3979.2251.373325.3215.58
比利时0.23%84.0899.35102.76115.51119.34125.74116.63
塞尔维亚和黑山0.22%77.5389.7283.285.8182.2766.1566.41
土库曼斯坦0.22%80.6481.3875.9161.6352.9539.3745.64
罗马尼亚0.21%75.880.7779.4482.61104.6897.05186.65
摩洛哥0.19%67.7572.1261.6652.0344.4433.522.45
奥地利0.18%63.697168.9374.9981.5467.9862.71
以色列和巴勒斯坦0.17%62.4269.5371.7674.2963.959.4635.33
白俄罗斯0.16%58.9762.6659.8166.761.2956.92109
希腊0.16%56.1372.570.5690.02104.8597.0979.09
新加坡0.16%56.1156.755.4349.0641.8145.5431.64
利比亚0.15%52.6157.4951.4861.2656.8349.9237.15
匈牙利0.14%49.4150.4447.3251.9660.0458.3872.17
老挝0.12%41.8441.9912.433.021.50.980.23
挪威0.12%42.1843.3344.9646.544.2242.8937.44
秘鲁0.12%44.4855.0854.7945.7831.8729.0320.89
瑞典0.12%42.344.6844.1353.5155.9758.4358.11
保加利亚0.11%38.0142.9848.6648.6552.0747.7579.13
芬兰0.11%40.744.246.0765.8658.3257.8757.28
蒙古0.11%38.2338.4217.6214.5911.129.0513.15
葡萄牙0.11%40.4347.8352.2453.5168.1564.5343.61
巴林0.10%36.6736.2733.628.8423.3717.7711.99
缅甸0.10%37.7137.919.668.6211.1310.094.47
瑞士0.10%35.339.7440.3146.4947.1944.9344.96
阿塞拜疆0.09%33.8935.1632.824.7630.4928.0654.64
厄瓜多尔0.09%33.2840.0142.5838.6328.3821.8917.59
中国香港0.09%32.4342.7544.8942.6941.9241.1534.18
爱尔兰0.09%32.6536.6238.341.6947.4944.4132.89
新西兰0.09%33.0337.3135.7534.0236.9833.623.9
朝鲜0.09%32.2432.427.9952.9979.8673.9132.02
斯洛伐克0.09%31.8734.6534.5239.942.1641.6560.49
多米尼加0.08%29.0928.0623.8220.8218.819.018.04
特立尼达和多巴哥0.08%30.2733.2336.3140.634.2518.812.67
突尼斯0.08%28.5930.730.7728.0423.4421.1914.75
波黑0.07%23.4327.1120.8722.2616.9214.3624.63
丹麦0.07%25.7130.2734.649.1451.4253.953.55
约旦0.07%26.4827.0425.6920.6219.7815.4910.09
黎巴嫩0.07%26.7728.0226.8820.6616.615.35.98
斯里兰卡0.07%23.7325.8221.5613.8314.5411.474.25
叙利亚0.07%25.5726.225.8863.6758.7845.8233.03
安哥拉0.06%22.5124.4632.6123.8415.9816.6111.3
玻利维亚0.06%20.6424.0119.4314.779.918.36.54
古巴0.06%22.9426.1827.930.6326.1828.9538.54
苏丹和南苏丹0.06%19.9523.621.0516.910.936.045.59
克罗地亚0.05%17.718.6618.5421.4623.6619.6225.16
埃塞俄比亚0.05%17.0119.0813.476.825.373.742.4
加纳0.05%16.5217.7415.9411.397.246.123.18
危地马拉0.05%19.6222.8517.1811.7111.749.683.92
肯尼亚0.05%16.4119.0417.5613.218.878.626.48
尼泊尔0.05%17.8918.047.364.813.33.421.1
柬埔寨0.04%15.8215.978.765.012.6820.42
爱沙尼亚0.04%14.3716.2219.6322.0919.6616.9736.08
立陶宛0.04%13.5513.9113.4313.9514.1111.835.32
斯洛文尼亚0.04%13.7815.2415.0917.918.3315.6816.63
阿富汗0.03%11.9512.057.717.261.212.84
喀麦隆0.03%9.319.849.197.695.545.794.81
科特迪瓦0.03%12.112.5311.497.586.557.063.03
格鲁吉亚0.03%10.441110.146.234.985.3834.75
洪都拉斯0.03%10.6312.2610.348.247.895.062.37
吉尔吉斯斯坦0.03%11.4610.9410.676.585.54.8723.7
莫桑比克0.03%9.9411.227.853.672.71.61.18
巴拿马0.03%9.310.6710.999.477.225.212.74
塞内加尔0.03%10.0610.949.287.055.84.042.4
塔吉克斯坦0.03%98.325.183.133.282.8612.27
坦桑尼亚0.03%11.4712.7611.797.295.973.112.11
也门0.03%10.3210.6414.4426.3221.9915.737.09
津巴布韦0.03%11.5612.0612.8510.2711.4114.5217.21
亚美尼亚0.02%5.825.485.014.474.553.6620.7
贝宁0.02%7.358.145.85.12.841.570.42
博茨瓦纳0.02%7.057.567.213.514.474.192.83
文莱0.02%7.988.016.527.345.184.893.34
刚果0.02%6.186.355.785.334.364.542.4
哥斯达黎加0.02%7.828.857.777.36.365.142.93
塞浦路斯0.02%6.277.166.757.857.796.914.44
萨尔瓦多0.02%6.797.687.386.756.955.832.64
加蓬0.02%5.956.246.455.966.396.616.17
牙买加0.02%7.888.787.417.4510.6310.227.53
拉脱维亚0.02%7.458.467.839.128.247.5720.33
卢森堡0.02%89.649.3511.2612.178.8411.75
摩尔多瓦0.02%8.498.258.28.488.286.8231.96
新喀里多尼亚0.02%7.327.44.563.63.142.591.57
北马其顿0.02%7.78.637.939.179.719.0511.21
巴布亚新几内亚0.02%7.267.356.374.384.852.772.11
巴拉圭0.02%7.848.956.555.333.933.752.27
乌拉圭0.02%5.886.756.846.425.535.473.92
赞比亚0.02%7.58.114.532.292.461.963.02
阿尔巴尼亚0.01%5.15.584.894.64.23.266.65
巴哈马0.01%1.892.182.822.672.443.152.76
布基纳法索0.01%3.253.613.482.051.251.030.39
库拉索0.01%2.763.184.734.446.035.672.67
刚果(金)0.01%3.233.483.573.052.591.973.44
赤道几内亚0.01%4.284.35.477.446.112.680.09
斐济0.01%2.382.432.380.911.581.350.96
几内亚0.01%2.773.072.72.721.981.731.13
海地0.01%3.013.453.452.362.231.611.15
冰岛0.01%3.173.543.663.753.172.872.34
中国澳门0.01%2.192.232.091.121.931.370.94
马达加斯加0.01%4.254.694.412.572.232.060.76
马里0.01%3.483.863.112.141.060.950.38
毛里塔尼亚0.01%2.672.952.752.251.681.230.72
毛里求斯0.01%3.63443.682.982.451.19
纳米比亚0.01%4.014.324.193.162.561.911.73
尼加拉瓜0.01%5.15.85.484.674.323.771.97
尼日尔0.01%2.162.42.121.440.80.71.08
波多黎各0.01%3.964.174.172.342.311.690.92
留尼汪岛0.01%2.412.92.662.772.562.31.02
多哥0.01%2.843.092.472.541.331.270.77
乌干达0.01%5.356.25.194.172.41.620.67
安圭拉0.00%0.020.030.030.020.010.020.01
安提瓜和巴布达0.00%0.460.530.720.570.480.410.4
阿鲁巴岛0.00%0.740.851.171.011.110.840.53
巴巴多斯0.00%1.141.31.681.571.51.431.28
伯利兹0.00%0.40.460.580.450.40.40.3
百慕大0.00%0.50.570.60.650.530.460.63
不丹0.00%1.461.471.220.880.50.350.17
英属维尔京群岛0.00%0.140.160.180.140.10.080.04
布隆迪0.00%0.290.330.430.260.20.340.23
佛得角0.00%0.80.90.80.80.680.320.06
开曼群岛0.00%0.420.490.620.50.410.40.28
中非共和国0.00%0.350.40.40.380.350.340.19
乍得0.00%0.820.860.920.470.510.290.28
科摩罗0.00%0.250.30.170.160.150.10.05
库克群岛0.00%0.060.060.080.060.070.050.04
吉布提0.00%0.851.020.80.860.820.841.19
多米尼克0.00%0.150.180.180.150.130.110.05
厄立特里亚0.00%0.730.850.670.50.610.670.39
斯瓦蒂尼0.00%1.461.571.492.912.752.560.96
福克兰群岛0.00%0.030.030.040.040.030.020.01
法罗群岛0.00%0000000
法属圭亚那0.00%0.460.520.580.650.520.460.64
法属波利尼西亚0.00%0.940.960.970.840.870.650.81
直布罗陀0.00%0.720.790.590.470.410.340.14
格陵兰0.00%0.470.520.530.650.6200
格林纳达0.00%0.180.210.280.230.190.170.12
瓜德罗普0.00%1.591.822.081.991.751.691.5
几内亚比绍0.00%0.290.320.370.340.310.240.2
圭亚那0.00%1.521.732.011.431.151.30.62
基里巴斯0.00%0.060.070.060.050.060.030.02
莱索托0.00%0.650.710.580.530.430.390.12
利比里亚0.00%1.261.391.20.840.750.470.45
马拉维0.00%1.381.521.432.141.761.650.73
马尔代夫0.00%1.671.71.510.870.620.580.09
马耳他0.00%1.551.641.712.632.672.162.35
马提尼克岛0.00%1.772.041.942.041.881.891.59
帕劳0.00%1.241.271.22.111.732.122.15
卢旺达0.00%1.011.180.980.680.610.60.57
圣赫勒拿0.00%0.020.020.010.010.010.010.01
圣基茨和尼维斯0.00%0.140.160.250.20.170.150.05
圣卢西亚0.00%0.290.330.440.360.310.280.17
圣彼得和密克隆0.00%0.050.050.090.070.060.050.23
圣文森特和格林纳丁斯0.00%0.120.130.230.190.180.120.07
萨摩亚0.00%0.360.360.320.180.170.140.11
圣多美和普林西比0.00%0.130.150.140.130.10.060.04
塞舌尔0.00%1.181.210.991.080.90.31
塞拉利昂0.00%1.011.111.020.740.580.460.76
所罗门群岛0.00%0.310.310.230.180.170.160.15
索马里0.00%0.770.930.820.840.830.730.73
苏里南0.00%1.641.92.091.721.691.481.56
冈比亚0.00%0.520.580.520.480.360.310.14
东帝汶0.00%1.011.031.371.480.330.370.15
汤加0.00%0.120.130.130.10.110.090.08
特克斯和凯科斯群岛0.00%0.190.220.20.150.10.060
瓦努阿图0.00%0.170.180.150.130.080.080.1
西撒哈拉0.00%0.190.230.240.250.260.260.15

点击上方表格按钮查看全部国家或地区(行业)1990年至2020年碳排放量统计数据。表格中,“占比”一栏数据指2020年该国家或地区碳排放量占全球总量的比例;表中意大利数据包含圣马力诺和梵蒂冈,法国包含摩纳哥,西班牙包含安道尔,瑞士包含列支敦士登,圣赫勒拿包含阿森松和特里斯坦达库尼亚。

该表数据来源于欧盟Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research(EDGAR),包含全球200多个国家或地区以及部分行业的碳排放量数据。

21世纪初至2020年,全球温室气体排放量呈上升趋势。大气中的温室气体浓度大大增加,增强了自然温室效应,这可能对地球上的生命产生负面影响。尽管全球新冠疫情流行导致2020年全球碳排放量放缓,但气候变化仍然是一个问题。 在联合国气候变化框架公约(UNFCCC)内,各国正在制定国家排放清单并计划/实施减少温室气体排放的行动。其中,中国计划于2030年前实现碳达峰,2060前实现碳中和;美国计划在2050年前实现净零排放。

从表格数据中可以看见,2020年中国、美国、欧盟的碳排放量超过了全球总量的一半。其中,中国占据了全球总量的32.48%,约为排在2-5位的美国、欧盟、印度、俄罗斯的总和。值得注意的是,国际航运的碳排放量全球占比2.13%,超过了排在最后的129个国家或地区的总和。